Building Knowledge for a Concerted and Sustainable Approach to Refugee Resettlement in the EU and its Member States


Country of first asylum Reports

This report looks at refugee resettlement from Tunisia to the host countries, especially those in the EU. To do this, we performed an extensive literature search and a qualitative survey of the refugees from the Shousha camp, UNHCR and its partners in Tunisia. We conducted this study in Tunisia from 15 June to 15 October 2012, with refugees submitted for resettlement, as well as stakeholders in the Shousha camp, in Tunis and Zarzis.

Given the complexity of the resettlement process, we have focused on the risks of non-compliance with refugees’ human rights and the possible consequences in terms of the ability of refugees to integrate into their host country. Also, we suggest solutions for better resettlement conditions.

The analysis of the resettlement process reveals the limits of practices, at different levels:

  • The lack of adequate information circulation between the different actors in the process.
  • The highly-centralised role of UNHCR in the process.
  • The imbalance of burden-sharing among countries of resettlement.
  • The lack of harmonization of criteria among EU countries.
  • The disengagement of some countries from the Joint EU Resettlement Programme.
  • The gap between the selection criteria and the local and international contexts.
  • The insufficient management of the refugees’ waiting time.
  • The absence of a legislative framework for asylum and/or resettlement in Tunisia.

Files attached to this content:

Tunisia country of first asylum report