Building Knowledge for a Concerted and Sustainable Approach to Refugee Resettlement in the EU and its Member States

Proposed Asylum and Migration Fund 2014- 2020 (COM(2011) 751 final)

European Commission

Title

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing the Asylum and Migration Fund (COM(2011) 751 final)

Abstract

This Regulation establishes for the period from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2020 the Asylum and Migration Fund (hereinafter referred to as 'the Fund'). It lays down:

(a) the objectives of financial support and the eligible actions;

(b) the general framework for the implementation of eligible actions;

(c) the available financial resources and their distribution;

(d) the principles and mechanism for establishment of common Union resettlement priorities;

(e) the objectives, tasks and composition of the European Migration Network.

Objective

The aim is to contribute to the development of the common Union policy on asylum and immigration and to the strengthening of the area of freedom, security and justice in the light of the application of the principles of solidarity and responsibility sharing between the Member States and cooperation with third countries. The Fund includes a strong resettlement and relocation component (see Article 7).

The Fund should complement and reinforce the activities undertaken by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) with a view to coordinating practical cooperation between Member States on asylum, supporting Member States subject to particular pressure on their asylum systems and contributing to the implementation of the Common European Asylum System.

Resettlement-specific priorities

The Fund should support the efforts made by Member States to provide international protection and a durable solution in their territories to refugees and displaced persons identified as eligible for resettlement by the UNHCR, such as the assessment of the resettlement needs and transfer of the persons concerned to their territories, with a view to granting them a secure legal status and to promoting their effective integration.

Budgetary implications

The Commission's proposal for a Multi-Annual Financial Framework includes a proposal of EUR 3,869 million (in current prices) for Asylum and Migration Fund for the period 2014- 2020. Indicatively more than 80% of this amount (EUR 3,232 million) should be used for national programmes of Member States while EUR 637 million should be centrally managed by the Commission to fund Union actions, emergency assistance, European Migration Network, technical assistance and the implementation of specific operational tasks by Union agencies.

Resources for Member States

The most important part of the resources available under the Fund will be channelled through national programmes of Member States covering the whole period 2014-2020. For this purpose, the amount of resources to be allocated to the Member States within the Fund will be composed of a basic amount and a variable amount. The basic amount is established on the basis of latest available statistical data relating to the migration flows, such as the number of resettled refugees. The variable amount will be allocated following the policy dialogue to those Member States willing to work in those operational fields which depend on their political commitment and willingness to act, or ability to cooperate with other Member States. This will be the case for the implementation of specific actions such as for instance the implementation of resettlement and relocation operations.

For what concerns resettlement, Member States will receive financial incentives (lump sums) every two years on the basis of their pledging which will follow the establishment of common Union resettlement priorities. These will be the result of a political process involving in particular the European Parliament and the Council and reflecting the policy developments at national and Union level. Through these financial incentives, two objectives are to be  achieved: a quantitative one, i.e. to increase significantly the current resettlement figures which are too small, and a qualitative one, i.e. to strengthen the European dimension through the implementation of defined and dynamic common Union resettlement priorities. Moreover, based on a similar pledging exercise and at regular intervals, Member States will receive financial incentives (lump sums) for relocation of beneficiaries of international protection. Following a mid-term review an additional amount may be allocated as of budget year 2018.

 


 

Files attached to this content:

COM(2011) 751 final