Building Knowledge for a Concerted and Sustainable Approach to Refugee Resettlement in the EU and its Member States

Legal and administrative framework

Finland

The Aliens Act (30.4.2004/301) promotes managed immigration and outlines provisions of international protection. The Act also contains the legal basis for resettlement. The Act on the Advancement of Integration (Act 30.12.2010/1386) regulates issues concerning integration and reception of immigrants. The integration measures under the Act are applicable to all persons who have moved to Finland and have a residence permit in force, also to resettled persons. Moreover, Decision (SM/2011/2143) regulates the geographical allocation of the refugee quota.

Laws

* Aliens Act (30.4.2004/301)

Abstract

The aim of the Aliens Act (Ulkomaalaislaki) is to promote managed immigration and provision of international protection (i) with respect for human rights and basic rights and (ii) in consideration of international agreements binding on Finland. The Act contains provisions on resettlement:

Section 90: Refugee quota

(1) Under the refugee quota, Finland may admit for resettlement persons considered refugees by UNHCR or other aliens in need of international protection.

(2) The refugee quota means admitting into the country, in accordance with the grounds confirmed in the State budget for each year, aliens who need international protection and are to be resettled.

Section 91: Allocation of the refugee quota

The Ministry of the Interior, in cooperation with the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, prepares a proposal for the Government on the territorial allocation of the refugee quota.

Section 92: Requirements for admitting aliens into the country under the refugee quota

The grounds for issuing a residence permit under the refugee quota are as follows:

1) The alien is in need of international protection with regard to his or her home country.

2) The alien is in need of resettlement from the first country of asylum.

3) The requirements for admitting and integrating the alien into Finland have been assessed.

4) There are no obstacles under section 36 to issuing a residence permit.

Files attached to this content:

Aliens Act (30.4.2004/301) in Finnish

Aliens Act (30.4.2004/301) in English (unofficial translation)

* Act on the Advancement of Integration (Act 30.12.2010/1386)

Abstract

The Act on the Advancement of Integration (“Laki kotoutumisen edistämisestä”) has on 1 September 2011 replaced and repealed the earlier Act on the Integration of Immigrants and Reception of Asylum Seekers (”Laki maahanmuuttajien kotouttamisesta ja turvapaikanhakijoiden vastaanotosta”) (Act 9.4.1999/493).

This Act regulates issues concerning the integration and reception of immigrants. The integration measures under the Act are applicable to all persons who have moved to Finland and have a residence permit in force. Persons admitted under the refugee quota (“quota refugees”) are eligible for the usual integration measures under the Act. 

An unofficial account in English of the integration provisions (also applicable to resettled persons) is attached below.

Files attached to this content:

Act on the Advancement of Integration (Act 30.12.2010/1386) in Finnish

An unofficial account of the integration provisions in English

Decisions

* Decision on the geographical allocation of the refugee quota (SM/2011/2143)

Abstract

This Decision on the geographical allocation of the refugee quota was taken on 17 February 2012 by the Ministry of the Interior.

Files attached to this content:

Decision on the geographical allocation of the refugee quota (SM/2011/2143) in Finnish

Finland snapshot

Size: 338,000 km2

Population: 5.3 million

Year of EU Entry: 1995

In the Schengen Area: Yes

Protection Status Granted: 1,271 (2011)

Resettlement Scheme: Programme (1985)

Resettlement Quota:  750 refugees/year

Resettled Refugees: 626 (2011)

Source: The information about the size, population, in the Schengen area, and year of EU entry is taken from europa.eu.