Building Knowledge for a Concerted and Sustainable Approach to Refugee Resettlement in the EU and its Member States

Legal and administrative framework

Czech Republic

The legal basis for resettlement in the Czech Republic is contained in the Asylum Act (325/1999) of 11 November 1999. The Government has an arrangement with UNHCR for co-operation on resettlement dating back to 2009. Moreover, there is a number of resolutions that outline the concept of a National Resettlement Programme, and confirm the resettlement of different groups of refugees under the pilot resettlement programme.

UNHCR agreements

* Refugee resettlement agreement (2009)

Abstract

This is an arrangement between the Government of the Czech Republic and the Office of the UNHCR for co-operation on resettlement of refugees (signed on 5 March 2009 and entered in force on 10 April 2009). It defines: (i) details of the resettlement co-operation (annual consultations, case selection and submission, departure arrangements, reception and local integration); (ii) quotas to be discussed annually with UNHCR and IOM; (iii) resettlement criteria as laid down by the UNHCR (priority shall be given to refugees with legal an physical protection needs, survivors of violence and torture, refugees with medical risks, women-at-risk, family reunification, children and adolescents, older refugees and those lacking local integration prospects).

Files attached to this content:

UNHCR agreement in English and Czech

Laws

* Asylum Act (325/1999)

Abstract
The Act of 11 November 1999 on Asylum and Amendment to Act No. 283/1991 Coll., on the Police of the Czech Republic. (Last amendment 375/2010 Coll. entered into force 1.4.2012).

The Act recognizes two types of international protection: asylum and subsidiary protection. The asylum may be granted to the aliens who qualify for the refugee status under the Geneva Convention (Section 12) or for the purpose of family reunification (Section 13) or on humanitarian grounds (Section 14). Where the conditions for granting a refugee status through asylum procedure were not satisfied asylum seeker may be granted a subsidiary protection (Sections 14a and 14b), introduced to the Czech Legal system on 1 September 2006.

The following provision on Resettlement is present in Section 90 (Chapter XII, Joint, Delegating and Temporary Provisions):

"The Czech Republic may grant asylum to an alien without previous proceedings if he/she has been recognized as a recognized refugee according to an international agreement by a decision of the Office of the High Commissioner (UNHCR) on condition that the principle of fair burden-sharing between the parties to the Convention on the Status of Refugees is adhered to."

Files attached to this content:

Asylum Act (325/1999) in English

Asylum Act (325/1999) in Czech

Decisions

* Czech Republic: Resolution concerning the implementation of the national resettlement programme and resettlement of refugees from Malaysia and Thailand (213/2010)

Abstract

In this Resolution, the Government of the Czech Republic notes the use of funds in total amount of CZK 2,000,000 from the budget of the Ministry of Interior in the years 2010-2011 to ensure resettlement of Burmese refugees from Malaysia and Thailand, and to secure post-arrival multilateral assistance and long-term integration. The Government obliges the Minister of Interior in cooperation with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs to ensure (i) the implementation of the national resettlement programme; (ii) the resettlement of Burmese refugees from Malaysia and Thailand.

Files attached to this content:

Czech Republic: Resolution on the implementation of the national resettlement programme (213/2010) in Czech and English

* Resolution on the implementation of the national resettlement programme (1147/2009)

Abstract

The Government of Czech Republic notes the use of funds in the amount of CZK 1 million from a budget of the Ministry of Interior in 2009 to ensure continuation of the resettlement programme of Burmese refugees from Malaysia under the concept of a national resettlement programme. It approves the continuation of the resettlement program of the Burmese refugees in Malaysia under the above concept. It obliges the Minister of Interior in cooperation with the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs to ensure the continuation of the resettlement programme of the Burmese refugees from Malaysia under the above concept.

Files attached to this content:

Resolution on the implementation of the national resettlement programme (1147/2009) in Czech and English

* Resolution to resettle a group of refugees from Malaysia under the Pilot resettlement programme (745/2008)

Abstract

This is a Resolution agreeing to the National resettlement programme strategy and to resettle a group of Burmese refugees from Malaysia under the Pilot resettlement programme (745/2008). The Resolution: (i) accepts the concept of the National Resettlement Programme, (ii) agrees to resettle a group of Burmese refugees from Malaysia under the Pilot resettlement programme, (iii) authorizes the Minister of the Interior to negotiate an agreement on cooperation in the field of resettlement with UNHCR.

Files attached to this content:

Resolution to resettle refugees from Malaysia under the Pilot resettlement programme (745/2008) in Czech and English

* Resolution on the continuance of the evacuation of disabled population (765/2007)

Abstract

The Government of the Czech Republic approves the continuance of the humanitarian evacuation of disabled people (MEDEVAC). It also approves to release CZK 5,000,000 from the General Treasury to the budget of the Ministry of Interior for 2007 for this purpose. It obliges the Minister of Interior in cooperation with the Ministers of Defense, Health and Foreign Affairs to ensure the implementation of the continuance of this humanitarian evacuation.

Files attached to this content:

Resolution on the continuance of the evacuation of disabled population (765/2007) in Czech and English

* Resolution on the continuance of the evacuation of disabled population (907/2006)

Abstract

The Government of the Czech Republic approves the continuance of the humanitarian evacuation of disabled people (MEDEVAC). It also approves to release CZK 10 million from the General Treasury to the budget of the Ministry of Interior for 2006 for this purpose. It obliges the Minister of Interior to continue in cooperation with the Ministers of Defense, Health and Foreign Affairs in the humanitarian evacuation of disabled people.

Files attached to this content:

Resolution on the continuance of the humanitarian evacuation of disabled population (907/2006) in Czech and English

* Resolution on the continuance of the evacuation of disabled in Iraq (727/2005)

Abstract

The Government of the Czech Republic approves the continuance of the humanitarian evacuation of disabled Iraqi people.  It also approves release of CZK 5 million from the General Treasury to the budget of the Ministry of Interior for year 2005 for this purpose. It obliges the Minister of Interior in cooperation with the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Defence to ensure the implementation of the continuance of this humanitarian evacuation.

Files attached to this content:

Resolution on the continuance of the evacuation of disabled in Iraq (727/2005) in Czech and English

Czech Republic snapshot

Size: 78,866 km2

Population: 10.5 million

Year of EU Entry: 2004

In the Schengen Area: Yes

Protection Status Granted: 369 (2011)

Resettlement Scheme: Programme (2008)

Resettlement Quota: 40 refugees/year

Resettled Refugees: 39 (2010) 

Source: The information about the size, population, in the Schengen area, and year of EU entry is taken from europa.eu.